The Far East Power Engineering System Development

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The MAIN JOURNAL for POWER GRID SPECIALISTS in RUSSIA


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14

CHP, Sakhalinskaya SDPP-2, 
Yakut skaya SDPP-2 and CHP 
Sovet skaya Gavan. PJSC “RAO 
Energy Systems of the East” – our 
subsidiary company responsible 
for power engineering of the 
Far East is an operator of those 
projects.

The main equipment of the 

2nd stage of the Blago vesh chen -

– Mr. Shulginov, tell us more

about the goals, tasks, basic 
technical and economic para-
meters of the project.

– PJSC “RusHydro” imple-

ments simultaneously four 
projects of CHP construction 
in the Far East today. Among 
those projects there are the 2nd 
stage of Blagoveshchenskaya 

THE FAR EAST POWER 

ENGINEERING SYSTEM 

DEVELOPMENT

Interview

PJSC “RusHydro” in cooperation with subsidiary and second-tier subsidiary 

companies is currently implementing a large-scale project related to power 

engineering development of the Far East. Chairman of the Management Board, 

General Director of PJSC “RusHydro”, Nikolay Shulginov tells us about the tasks 

related to the implementation of that project.


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skaya CHP has run since the 
end of 2015. Secondary works 
are completing at the facility and 
preparations for the connec-
tion of a new cooling tower are
being ful

fi

 lled now. New pul-

verized coal-

fi

 

red boiler and 

steam turbine provide capital of 
Amur River region with 120 MW 
of electric capacity and with 
188 Gcal/h of heat capa 

city. 

Those facilities are very impor-
tant for the city, because its de-
velopment has already limited by 
severe shortage of heat. After 
the 2nd stage of the Blagovesh-
chenskaya CHP commissioning 
the city got a serious impulse 
for the residential, social and in-
dustrial construction renewal.

The most powerful facility – 

Yakutskaya SDPP-2 is built in the 
capital of the Republic of Sakha 
(Yakutia). Trial runs of 

fi

 rst  stage 

consisting of four gas-turbine 
sets with heat recovery boilers 
will have been ful

fi

 lled by this 

year. 193 MW of electric capacity 
and 469 Gcal/h of heat will allow 
the Central Yakutia energy area 
to create a substantial reserve 
for partial decommissioning 

outmoded SDPP, replace a part of 
the inef

fi

 cient and environmentally 

unclean block heating stations 
and increase the system stability 
of energy area, where air 
temperature may be -50 degrees 
in winter.

CHP Sovetskaya Gavan on 

Kha barovsk Territory is built to re-
place outmoded Mayskaya SDPP. 
It will give necessary electric 
capacity for the development of 
transport and logistic cluster in 
the neighboring Vanino. Also it 
can help with the electri

fi

 cation of 

the Baikal-Amur Mainline (which 
has end point in Sovgavan) in the 
future. The station will operate on 
coal. It will generate 120 MW of 
electric capacity and 200 Gcal/h 
of heat capacity. By the way, 
commissioning of the power plant 
will provide centralized hot water 
supply not only during the heating 
season, but all year round so that 
residents of the city will feel the 
effect.

Sakhalinskaya SDPP-2 is 

built on the other side of the 
Tatar Strait. The local coal will 
be fuel for the power plant. The 
SDPP electric capacity will be 

120 MW. The station will give rise 
to the western part of the island, 
provide the necessary power 
reserve of the island region and 
allow to replace the obsolete 
capacity. There is a plan to 
complete the construction of that 
power plant and Sovgavanskaya 
CHP in 2017.

Vostochnaya CHP in Vladivos-

tok is another important project, 
which PJSC “RAO Energy Sys-
tems of the East” implements 
by means of own efforts and 
borrowed funds. New CHP elec-
tric capacity will be 139.5 MW. 
Heat capacity will be 421 Gcal/h in 
hot water and 11 Gcal/h in steam. 
Natural gas will serve as fuel. The 
reason of building a new CHP is 
a predictable de

fi

 cit  of  heating 

supply in Vladivostok because of 
new designed residential areas 
construction, such as the existing 
“Snegovaya Pad” and “Patrocl”. 
Commissioning of Vostochnaya 
CHP will supply about 20% of the 
city’s power demand this year.

– What innovative solutions 

(including schemes of power 
distribution) were imple 

men-

Wastewater outlet of Bureyskaya HPP


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ted during the design of the 
facilities?

– All 

fi

 ve building facilities will 

become high-tech, fully auto-
mated power plants. The power 
plants will be equipped with 
hardware and software systems 
which will manage the process in 
real time. Automatic equipment 
will set the parameters of the 
turbines according  to current 
power demand. Such systems 
will choose a sequence of actions 
depending on the conditions of 
turbine start and shutdown. It will 
ensure the stability of turbines 
under changing operation condi-
tions. Besides it is much safer than 
manual adjustment of options.

Despite the fact that three-

of-five power plants will operate 

using coal, each station will meet 
the most stringent environmental 
requirements. Electrostatic pre-
ci pitators in stacks will catch up 
to 98.6% of ash particles. Heavy 
rejects (slag) will fall in the 
sluicing nozzle through air tube 
and then it will be pumped to the 
ash dump for storage. It is called 
a pneumatic-hydraulic system. 
By the way, it is possible to 
use those rejects for the future 
construction.

– In addition to technical 

solutions the construction con-
ditions (climatic, geological 
and environmental) affect the 
implementation of projects 
seriously. Can you tell us about 
the features of the project linked 

with that point of view? What 
solutions have been found? 

– Each project due to geo-

graphical, climatic and seismic 
conditions is a unique one. For 
example, the 2-nd stage of Blago-
veshchenskaya CHP had to be 
embedded into the operating 
power plant without stopping the 
process of production because 
that power plant is the main 
heat source of the city. It was 
a very difficult task, like open-
heart surgery, but we have done 
it. Another construction project 
is Sakha linskaya SDPP-2. That 
power plant must withstand 
magnitude nine earthquakes.

But the most unusual project 

is Yakutskaya SDPP-2. It was 
built under permafrost condi-
tions, so it was necessary to 
con struct a pile field. More than
10 000 massive piles were driven
in the ground. Interesting dis-
posi tion was chosen for the 
power plant facilities. Main 
building was placed on the 
mountain Chochur Muran, and 
auxiliary building was located at 
its bottom. The two buildings will 
be connected by means of pipe 
bridge in the future. However, 
cold weather is not only a barrier, 
but an assistant because gas 
turbines efficiency increases 
rapidly under the conditions of 
extremely low temperatures.

– Power equipment pro duced 

by foreign manufactures have 
been designed and ordered 
for several projects of CHP 
construction. It is clear that such 
solutions had been approved 
before the changes in political 
and economic situation began. 
Have those changes affected 
the delivery of equipment and 
the economic parameters of the 
project? Are there predictions 
of problems with future service 
of equipment? Have you ever 
changed your mind about the 
cooperation with domestic 
producers or the foreign ones?

– Indeed, there were some 

risks because gas turbines 
produced by General Electric 
had been selected as the 
main equipment of Yakutskaya 

Neryungrinskaya SDPP


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17

Wind-driven power plant
close to Tiksi village,
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

SDPP-2 and Vostochnaya HPP. 
But neither PJSC “RusHydro” is 
the company for sanctions nor 
electrical power engineering is 
the industry for field sanctions. 
By the time the international 
relations have been changed, 
equip ment for Vos toch naya CHP
had been delivered on a full 
scale. Yakutskaya SDPP-2 had 
no problems, but PJSC “RAO 
Energy Systems of the East” 
decided to avoid risks and 
provided delivery of equipment 
for a few months earlier than it 
had been planned. It is important 
to note that cost parameters of 
the projects were fixed in rubles, 
and there were no additional 
problems due to exchange rate 
changes.

– Have distributed power 

generation facilities been 
used in the project of the Far 
East development? How?

– PJSC “RAO Energy Sys-

tems of the East”, playing a role 
of consolidated renewable ener-
 gy operator in the region, has 
the program of renewable 
energy sources implementation 
in isolated areas of the Far East. 
It contains the construction of 
178 renewable energy facilities 
with total electric capacity of 
146 MW. Hundreds of small 
diesel power plants operate in the
region. Such power plants con-
sumed very expensive fuel. As 
a result, the cost of one kilowatt-
hour in particularly re mote areas 
can reach one hundred rubles. It 
is important to reduce the part of 
diesel power plants generation in 
that situation. Renewable ener-
gy facilities are convenient for 
that reduction because it pays 
off during a reasonable time. 

At present, PJSC “RAO 

Energy Systems of the East” 
successfully operates wind-
diesel power plants in such 
villages as Nikolskoye (The Kam-
chatka Region) and Novikovo 
(The Sakhalin Region), and also 
wind-driven power plants in Ust-
Kamchatsk (The Kamchatka Re-
gion) and Labytnangi city (The 
Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Dis-
trict). Solar power plants are also 

implemented in the Republic of 
Sakha (Yakutia). 14 solar power 
plants, including a major one 
in the Arctic Circle in Batagay 
village with electric capacity of 
1 MW, were built by companies of 
PJSC “RAO Energy Systems of 
the East” in isolated settlements 
of the region.

– Some regions of the Far 

East have not had a stable in-
terconnecting mains with the 
basic power system of Russia 
yet. How will project implemen-
tation of power engineering 
development of the Far East 
contribute to the consolidation  
of those regions with the Uni

fi

 ed 

Energy System (UES)?

– Large territorial disunity is 

a particular feature of the Far 
East, so that interconnecting 
mains of separate regions does 
not produce any serious effect. 
It is much more important and 
interesting to create in 

ter con-

necting mains between isolated 
energy areas within Far Eastern 
Federal District. Some isolated 
areas have significant reserve 
of power which can be used by 
means of interconnecting mains 
development. Thus, for example, 
a project of connection the West 
energy area of the Republic of 
Sakha (Yakutia) with the South 
one is realizing nowadays. It is 
important to note that the South 
energy area is a part of East 
UES and the West energy area 
is a place where high-power 
Vilyuysk hydro power plants 
pro duce excess of electricity. It 
will allow to give extra load for 
Vilyuysk power plants, providing 
electricity trans 

mission to con-

sumers of the southern Yakutia. 
In the future the western Yakutia 
can be connected with areas of 
the Irkutsk Region which have 
energy shortage.

– How will project im 

ple-

mentation impact on the eco-
nomy and the development of 
the Far East? What will happen 
with electricity prices? Which 
large enterprises will receive 
the necessary impulse for de-
velopment?

PJSC “RusHydro” imple-

ments five constructions in the 
field of heat generation of the Far 
East today. Those constructions 
are not only contribution into the 
future but necessary “first aid” 
for electric power systems. In the 
four-of-five cases, new power 
plants are built to replace local 
ones, which are obsolete. Only in 
the case of the 2-nd stage of the 
Blagoveshchenskaya CHP, new 
turbines will allow to intensify 
the construction in the city. 
But we predict that new power 
reserve will be used quickly. We 
should do much more work in 
order to give a serious impulse 
for Far Eastern Federal District 
development. 

“ELECTRIC POWER. 

Transmission and Distribution” 

С

hief editor Ekaterina GUSEVA 

carried on the conversation


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PJSC “RusHydro” in cooperation with subsidiary and second-tier subsidiary companies is currently implementing a large-scale project related to power engineering development of the Far East. Chairman of the Management Board, General Director of PJSC “RusHydro”, Nikolay Shulginov tells us about the tasks related to the implementation of that project.

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