Russia’s power equipment trends

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The MAIN JOURNAL for POWER GRID SPECIALISTS in RUSSIA


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24

4–7 September, 2013, Jakarta, Indonesia

Source: RBC.research, as reported by REA

Fig. 1. 50-year old turbine percentage share in the 

installed capacity 

О

G

К

-4

О

G

К

-6

Т

GC-14

О

G

К

-5

DG

К

Т

GC-3

Т

atener

go

Т

GC-6

О

GK-2

О

G

К

-1

Irkutskener

go

Т

GC-5

Т

GC-7

Т

GC-2

Т

GC-12

Novosibirskener

go

О

G

К

-3

Т

GC-13

Biyskener

go

Т

GC-10

Т

GC-8

Т

GC-1

1

Bashkirener

go

Т

GC-4

Т

GC-1

Т

GC-9

A

verage

T

he current equip-
ment 

fl

 eet has be-

come technologi-
cally and morally 

outdated. So, from the RF 
generating equipment, name-
ly turbines, 16.5% require 
immediate replacement, 
43.8% require either upgrad-
ing or gradual replacement. 
Figures 1 and 2 show the 
percentage distribution of 
turbines and boilers over 50 years by generating com-
panies. 

At the same time generating companies are more inter-

ested in buying foreign equipment than domestic. Thus, 
the share of imported capital equipment in the power in-
dustry is about 70%. 

There are several reasons: the production capabilities 

of the Russian power engineering are very limited. Ac-
cording to the statements of the producers the aggregate 

limit production capacity is 
about 5—6 GW. However 
this 

fi

 gure also includes mor-

ally outdated equipment. To 
estimate domestic market 
status we use data related to 
the new capacities commis-
sioned taking into account the 
equipment operating at these 
sites: the share of domestic 
equipment has been stead-
ily declining from 95.6% 

in 2008 to 30.8% in 2011. According to RBC.research 
study «World and domestic market of power equipment» 
maximum production capacity of modern, best-selling 
domestic power equipment is less than 2 GW. That is 
why extra demand is met by import equipment. So the 
main risk of domestic manufacturers of power equipment 
is the loss of the market. Moreover, the underlying loss 
of market takes place in the gas turbine segment. And 
localization of production, creation of joint ventures are 

not pacing at suf

fi

 ciently high rates. 

There are good prospects for Russian 
players in hydro energy. Domestic 
hydroturbines have a good share 
in the global market. In the atomic 
power engineering, where everything 
goes towards increasing the capacity 
of the reactor, there is some lag but 
it's not critical, Russia wins contests 
in other countries on the construction 
of nuclear power plants.

It should be noted that western 

competitors are actively developing 
their advantages both in production 
volume and in the technological 
sphere. Not only the manufacturers 
offering a complete set of equipment 
and maintenance services come to 
Russia, but the EPC and EPCM 
contractors that choose products of 
foreign production for their projects. 
Lack of necessity for foreign 

Russia’s power equipment 

trends

By Ekaterina MIROLIUBOVA

 (

Екатерина

 

МИРОЛЮБОВА

),

 senior analyst, RBC.research, RBC Consulting Department

Analytics


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25

info@eepr.ru,   www.eepr.ru

Source: RBC.research, as reported by REA

Fig. 2. 50-year old power boiler percentage share in 

the whole quantity

Table. List and quantity of turbines for 100 

MW units necessary to 2020 according to 

the Master plan (reference case)

No

Power and type of tur-

bine, MW

Quantity

Condensing steam turbines

1

900 (USC)

8

2

800 (USC)

3

3

800

2

4

660

36

5

600 (USC)

2

6

330

35

7

300

17

8

225

9

9

215

1

10

210

1

11

160

1

12

130

55

13

110

2

14

100

1

15

75

4

16

60

2

17

53

1

Thermal-clamping turbines

18

300

2

19

250

1

20

208

5

21

185

5

22

180

11

23

160

12

24

130

7

25

115

24

26

110

9

27

105

2

28

100

7

29

80

4

30

65

1

31

60

3

32

53

11

33

40

2

34

35

4

35

25

3

Gas turbines

36

270

96

37

265

1

38

200

5

39

160

34

40

150

3

41

110

22

42

77

22

43

75

8

44

70

8

45

65

11

46

45

2

Steam turbines for nuclear power plants

47

1200

23

48

1000

1

49

800

1

50

300

6

companies to involve Russian machine engineers in their projects 
is mainly conditioned by the lack of cooperation between Russian 
companies which are limited to supply to the market separate units and 
functional units of power plants. At present no separate Russian company 
has necessary product range to place an integrated product-of-the-art 
power plant on a turnkey basis on the market. 

Moreover, sharply increased costs while maintaining relatively low 

ef

fi

 ciency of the production process, including small series production 

caused the price rise for Russian power equipment similar to that made in 
China and almost reached the price level for leading European, American 
and Japanese companies.  

So Russian generating capacities are signi

fi

 cantly  non-standard 

unlike the West, where every effort is made to standardize technical and 
engineering solutions.

Approved Master plan for allocation of electricity generation 

facilities until the year 2020 contains a list of the types of power plants 


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26

4–7 September, 2013, Jakarta, Indonesia

No

Power and type of 

turbine, MW

Quantity

Hydraulic turbines

51

1000

8

52

333

4

53

325

4

54

300

5

56

215

2

57

210

4

58

200

13

59

195

8

60

170

2

61

165

2

62

155

3

63

150

2

64

110

2

65

107

3

66

100

5

planned for construction. At that the Master plan provides 
construction of 68 different-type power units including 48 
thermal units. This in turn implies the use of 66 turbines, 
46 of them — for thermal power plants (table). The plan 
also provides the use of more than 10 types of gas turbines 
with capacity of 65 MW, but even the leading world 
manufacturers (Siemens, General Electric, Mitsubishi 
Heavy Industries) have in production line only 3—4 type 

of gas turbines with capacity of 65 MW and more. 

Such high diversity inevitably means unnecessarily high 

costs at all stages of the life cycle of the power unit. It is 
known that the standard designs allow for mass production 
of power equipment, signi

fi

 cantly reduce terms of the 

unit development and reduce cost of its construction and 
operation, to increase the reliability and predictability. 
Overseas construction of modern combined-cycle power 

plant «in the middle of nowhere» takes no more 
than a year and a half, in China — a year. In 
Russia the construction time is about two to 
three years. Thus, the situation for the domestic 
producer is not changing for the better, although 
Russia remains one of those countries capable 
to produce a whole range of power equipment 
for any type of conventional energy. In the 
short run a possible way-out is creation of joint 
ventures with the leading foreign companies 
manufacturing hi-tech equipment, on condition 
that the most part of manufacture of power 
engineering equipment produced under license 
of foreign manufacturers or through joint 
ventures with foreign participation is localized 
on domestic enterprises.

In the long run, based on the requirements 

of the Russian energy security it is vital to get 
State support for the priority directions in the 
development of power engineering, includ-
ing measures to equalize competitive condi-
tions for Russian and foreign manufacturers at 
the Russian market, export support of Russian 
power production within the framework of the 
subprogram “Development of power electrical 
engineering and power engineering for 2012—
2016” included into Federal Targeted Program 
“National Technological Base”.

Analytics

Source:

 Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia


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The current equipment fleet has become technologically and morally outdated. So, from the RF generating equipment, namely turbines, 16.5% require immediate replacement, 43.8% require either upgrading or gradual replacement. Figures 1 and 2 show the percentage distribution of turbines and boilers over 50 years by generating companies.

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