Integrated Technical Regulatory Framework at the Heart of Electric Power Industry Development

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Integrated Technical Regulatory 

Framework at the Heart of Electric 

Power Industry Development

Alexander DZHINCHARADZE (Александр Джинчарадзе),

Chairman of the Technical Committee for Standardization

in the field of electric power industry TC 016,

 Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences

TECHNICAL REGULATORY 

FRAMEWORK AT PRESENT

Nowadays Russia is one 

of the world’s major produ-
cers of electric power (more 
than 230 GW). The uni

fi

 ed 

energy system (UES) of Russia includes about 600 power 
stations with generation capacity of over 5 MW each.

However, notwithstanding such a great capacity of the 

energy system, Russia’s GDP energy intensity amounts 
to 0.4 tons of fuel equivalent per USD1000 versus the 
average world index of 0.19 tons of fuel equivalent, 
while the energy intensity of products is 3—4 times as 
high. Comparing to developed countries, the structure 
of Russian GDP is characterized with a lower share of 
services (including transport and communications) and 
takes a traditionally modest part in the domestic household 
sector of economy, according to the level of per capita 
power consumption. Electric power available per worker 
in processing industry of Russia is 29.3 thousand kWh, in 
the USA — 45.9, in Finland — 98.3.

The wear-out rate of heat generating facilities and heat 

systems of thermal power stations continues to increase. 
About 68% of heat supply networks have been in operation 
for more than 25 years.

The electric power industry implements a signi

fi

 cant 

number of outdated and redundant technical regulatory 
documents and standards developed both in Soviet time 
and the operating period of JSC “RAO “UES of Russia”. 
Their status is ambiguous as some documents ful

fi

 ll a role 

of recommendations, while others have not undergone the 
established procedures for incorporation into the legislation 
of the Russian Federation. Thus, the issues of legitimacy of 
industry-speci

fi

 c technical regulatory documents (TRDs), 

having no mechanism of adopting general industry 
standards and 

fi

 nancing of their development and no TRDs 

establishing requirements to reliability, safety and energy 
ef

fi

 ciency of electric energy systems and electric energy 

facilities are quite urgent at present. These issues are of 

special importance in connection with establishment of 
market relations, Russia’s joining WTO and participation 
in integration processes in post-Soviet regions (CIS, the 
Customs Union and EurAsEC).

The problems become worse with Russia’s lagging 

behind the European Union and USA in the 

fi

 eld  of 

standardization: many Russian standards are more than 
30 years old, the degree of harmonization of national 
standards in the 

fi

 eld of electric power industry with 

international and European standards is, on average, 24% (in 
Germany it is over 90%; in EC — over 70%). The industry 
has no system of technical regulation and standardization. 
There is no coordination of works on creation, integration 
and supervision of compliance with TRD requirements. The 
TRD structure is imperfect. Work on establishing a modern 
set of terminological standards adopted in the world practice 
hasn’t still been completed. Insuf

fi

 cient attention is paid to 

development of national standards, regulations and rules 
for UES design, construction, control and operation. There 
are no modern standards for implementation of devices 
and instruments in test and measurement procedures at all 
stages of the system’s lifecycle. The existing low level of 
standardization negatively affects UES control, technology 
discipline and responsibility, which leads to accidents and 
failures in the system’s operation.

At present the electric power industry primarily imple-

ments standards of organizations (SOs), with each power 
company developing its own SO with no regard to the in-
dustry’s general interests. National standards which could 
bridge the gap are almost never developed, which increases 
the risks of accidents and failures of UES equipment. A tar-
get program of standardization in the direction of system 
intellectualization, integration of innovative products, im-
plementation of uni

fi

 ed and standard processes by means of 

network modeling hasn’t been developed yet. All this has 
negative consequences for industry management, synchro-
nization of works, cost increases and extension of terms for 
works completion. The industry has still not integrated ef-
fective sets of standards: PDPPS (product development and 


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Guidelines

pilot production system), CALS-T (information support), 
which are widely implemented in defense sectors of indus-
try. One can state that the industry has no due regard to is-
sues of metrological support, which is essential for ensuring 
reliability, quality and safety.

EU STRATEGIC POLICY OF SUPPORTING INNOVATIONS 

THROUGH STANDARDIZATION

European standardization organizations (CEN, 

CENELEC, ETSI) consider standardization to be an inte-
gral part of scienti

fi

 c research and developments:

•   results of research projects are invaluable for standard-

izers;

•   research projects should be provided with information 

about standards that already exist or are in the process 
of development;

•   standardization-related activity itself can give rise to the 

need in additional research (for example, developing re-
quired methods of tests and measurements of products).
The Technical Boards of European CEN and CENEL-

EC have created the working group STAIR. This joint 
strategic working group deals with complex issues of 
standardization, innovations and research, in order to:
•   provide recommendations in the 

fi

 eld of the strategy 

for CEN and CENELEC Technical Boards concerning 
the integrated approach to scienti

fi

 c research, innova-

tions and standardization;

•   take into account the uniformity of the European Com-

mission’s policy in the 

fi

 eld of scienti

fi

 c research, in-

novations and opportunities for making standards as 
effective as possible;

•   offer decisions for transferring results of research pro-

jects into standardization providing the following:

  standards enable popularizing innovative products 

and services, while winning trust of industrial users 
and consumers, and make a signi

fi

 cant contribution 

to establishment of a large-scale market;

   standards provide consistency and compatibility of 

products and services, due to which end users ben-
e

fi

 t from price reductions;

  standards raise the quality of products, enabling 

implementation of advanced technologies and 

methods, while simultaneously considering safety 
and ecology aspects;

  standards support export through elimination of 

technical barriers in trade on the single European 
market and on a global scale;

  European standards support European legislature. 

Referring to standards, the industry can meet legisla-
tive requirements related to launching high-quality 
products onto the market;

  standardizers establish general rules not only for 

providing conformance of products to safety and 
ecology requirements, but also for the companies 
to use these purposes as basic components in the 

fi

 elds of safety, protection of consumers and envi-

ronment;

  standards provide access to 500 million EU con-

sumers. European standards conform to interna-
tional standards (ISO, IEC, ITU telecommunica-
tions sector) to the maximum possible extent.

In this connection standardization is the best means 

for rapid launch of innovative technologies and products 
onto the market; it simpli

fi

 es the lifecycle of an invention 

starting with development of its idea and ending with its 
introduction onto the global market; it is an essential tool of 
innovative business, scienti

fi

 c research and developments.

Standardization is particularly effective in adapting the 

new knowledge acquired during research to market needs 
in the following 

fi

 elds:

•   nomenclature/terminology and classi

fi

 ers;

•   metrology;
•   measurements and methods of reliability, quality and 

safety tests;

•   energy ef

fi

 ciency and resource saving;

•  transformation of products, processes and systems 

with due regard to intellectualization;

•   functional and technical consistency.

In respect of the adopted new technologies, the stand-

ards which are supported by innovation-fostering policy 
(with due regard to terms of intellectual property) are key 
tools for ensuring technical applicability and market ac-
cess. Thus, standards transfer innovative technologies into 
merchantable products and offers.

Research carried out in a number of EU countries 

(Germany, France, Great Britain) showed that, 
on the national economy scale, the joint effect of 
conducting works on standardization with due regard to 
implementation of international and European standards 
(ISO/IEC/ CEN/CENELEC) makes up more than 1% 
of the gross domestic product (GDP). Experience of 
foreign EU companies shows that each euro invested in 
standards gives pro

fi

 t of up to 20 euros. In Great Britain 

the contribution of technological transformations in GDP 
amounts to about 50%, while the contribution of standards 
directly in technological transformations amounts to 
more than 25%. According to experts, Germany derives 
standardization-related economic bene

fi

 

t of about 

18 billion euros annually.


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HARMONIZATION OF STANDARDS AS AN EFFECTIVE 

PATH TO UES DEVELOPMENT

Russia’s joining WTO, establishment of the single eco-

nomic and information space within the Eurasian Union and 
CIS, development of economy of regions in the Far East 
and on western borders of the Russian Federation create 
new opportunities for business. In this connection, creating 
mechanisms and tools of state support for establishing the 
modern regulatory framework of the industry is of special 
importance. Facilitation of processes of development and 
implementation of Russian national and sectoral standards, 
harmonized with international and European standards, will 
allow the level of standards’ harmonization to increase to 
70% by 2020 and, correspondingly, Russia’s GDP energy 
intensity to decrease by more than 5%.

It should be emphasized that, in conditions of Russia’s 

membership in WTO and establishment of the single 
economic and technology space in CIS and EU, there 
should be development towards establishment of a single, 
continent-wide electric power market, i.e. introduction, 
among countries of the European Union, Russian Federation 
and CIS, of a market-based effective load management 
synchronization mechanism using standards, regulations 
and rules harmonized with international and European 
standards. Analysis showed that ful

fi

 llment of such aims, 

fi

 rst of all, requires implementation of measures on:

•   establishment of a single basis of integrated and har-

monized statutory and technical regulations and stand-
ards, including terms and de

fi

 nitions, market rules of 

electric power trade development, competition and in-
vestments based on non-discriminatory access to grids;

•   integration of systems and programs of development 

of CIS-EU grid infrastructure with regard to ecology 
requirements and implementation of low-carbon power 
generation and renewables;

•   creation of a common system operator;
•   creation of conditions for mutual investments into devel-

opment of grid infrastructure, construction and moderni-
zation of power generating facilities in  Russia and EU;

•  activation of work of Russian technical standardiza-

tion committees and their participation in international 
technical standardization committees in ISO and IEC;

•  development of cooperation between JSC “Russian 

Grids”, JSC “SO of UES”, JSC “FGC UES”, on the 
one part, and ENTSO-E, on the other part;

•  establishment of a joint regulatory legal and technical 

centre (Centre) promoting the development of a uni-

fi

 ed transcontinental sustainable energy system.

Herewith, the main tasks of cooperation of Russia, CIS 

and EU in the electric energy sector are ensuring UES reli-
ability, ef

fi

 ciency, quality and safety and responsibility of 

electric power suppliers in respect of consumers. Such a 
single integrated policy based on mandatory implementa-
tion of uniform statutory acts, technical regulations, en-
suring compliance with standards requirements will en-
able effective ful

fi

 llment of the tasks set, and in Russia — 

great reductions in energy intensity of GDP and products.

INTEGRATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION OF PRODUCTION 

PROCESSES

In the world practice UES primary development is 

carried out towards its intellectualization in all aspects 
and at all stages of production and engineering processes, 
including generation, transmission, distribution and 
management with implementation of a complex automated 
integrated functional system, including monitoring, 
metering, supervision, analysis, self-diagnostics, 
revealing deviations and self-control of indicators. In this 
case the lifecycle is described as an aggregate result of 
processes taking place from determination of needs of the 
society (consumers) in innovative (or modernized) system 
products and services to transition to a higher level of UES 
development caused by development of the society and 
changes of generations of equipment and technologies.

As it was demonstrated in a number of research papers, 

one of the essential and fundamental features of UES in-
tellectualization is integration of standards in the 

fi

 eld of 

electric-power industry with standards of information and 
telecommunications technologies, communications and 
metrological support. Without this integration it is impos-
sible to create a technology platform — a regulatory tech-
nical con

fi

 guration (architecture) of UES with real-time 

synchronization of processes throughout all stages of the 
system’s lifecycle (from R&D, construction and operation 
to transition to other scienti

fi

 c technology generations of 

development of devices, equipment, substations and the 
system, as a whole).

It should be underlined that at present works on 

standardization in the 

fi

 eld of Smart Grid in Russia involve 

specialists of 16 technical standardization committees (TCs), 
while there are 27 TCs in the International Electrotechnical 
Commission (IEC). EU countries have already developed 
many directives and regulations binding EU countries to 
ful

fi

 ll requirements of standards speci

fi

 ed in the directives 

and regulations. IEC has a working group (IEC SG) made 
of experts from 14 countries who develop sets of standards 
including protocols of interaction of devices in Smart Grid 
systems. Therefore it is necessary to use the experience of 
international committees and EU and, 

fi

 rst of all, to carry 

out harmonization of national standards with existing 
international and European standards. A common trend of 


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44

Guidelines

UES intellectualization is development of sets of standards 
and other TSDs, integrating a multitude of smart digital 
computational, communications technologies and electrical 
architectures, as well as related established regulations and 
procedures, processes and services, which in functional and 
informational aspects should be compatible, synchronized 
in processes of design, construction, modernization and 
operation of UES components. Such a smart system will 
differ from others in 

fl

 exible integration, self-diagnostics 

and self-control; it will be able to re

fl

 ect technical, social and 

organizational needs in a sustainable, information-protecting 
smart grid with regard to con

fi

 dentiality of consumers, 

who should be provided with an opportunity of collecting, 
metering, analyzing, implementing, processing, storing, 
communicating and deleting their information, which will 
enable rendering various complex services. Provision of 
such services requires comprehensive integrated standards 
relating to safety and protection of personal data. At that 
we should mention that the con

fi

 guration (architecture) of a 

smart grid in accordance with the lifecycle should provide 
innovations in a way for solutions launched, for example, 
in 2019 to interact with devices of the previous generation, 
for example, of 2014, with regard to results of adequate 
analysis and monitoring of UES operation.

The practice of designing, building, operating, moderniz-

ing and developing UES and its facilities, in particular, dem-

Fig. 1. Integrated system for synchronization 

of production processes in UES

Electric Energy System 

Indicators,

Production Processes, 

UES lifecycle

System of Information Technologies

Indicators,

Production Processes, 

UES lifecycle

BASE OF REGULATORY 

AND REFERENCE 

INFORMATION

Programs

Schedules

Plans

Indicators

Deviations

GOST R, regulations, rules, metrological support of 

production processes throughout the lifecycle

Construction processes

Synchronization of works of UES operation

onstrates that one of the essential components of economic 
ef

fi

 ciency is synchronization of construction and engineering 

works with regard to required metrological support through-
out the lifecycle of UES development and modernization, 
which can be implemented by means of corresponding inte-
grated sets of standards and measures:
•  

fi

 rst of all, to develop and create, in the 

fi

 eld of electric 

power industry, an effective framework of statutory 
and technical regulations and rules based on national 
standards harmonized with international and European 
ones with regard to Russian peculiarities;

•   secondly, to systematically improve the following reg-

ulatory methods based on implementation of national 
standards:

 

 monitoring of metal structures and concrete 

structures with use of modern regulatory methods 
of measurements and analysis;

   testing of UES equipment and facilities;

  regulatory scheduling of repair and modernization 

works;

  regulatory technical and economic assessment of 

situations and risks;

  implementation of effective sets of standards of 

PDPPS, CALS-T, network modelling, etc.

Implementation of these measures will require intro-

duction of corresponding amendments into a number of 

laws and by-laws of RF, including:
•   the Federal Law “On Technical regulation” of 
27.12.2002 

 184 as amended in 2002—2012;

•   the Federal Law “On Electric Power Industry” 
of 26.03.2003 

 35 as amended in 2012;

•   the Federal Law “On the Federal Contract Sys-
tem” 

 44 with the aim to establish mandatory 

requirements to reliability and security of the 
system, electric power quality, energy ef

fi

 ciency 

similarly to the way it was done in USA Federal 
Laws and EU Directives and regulations;
•  monitoring information should be orderly kept 
in a base of standards and regulatory data with 
the aim of storing and analyzing statistics and 
implementing it in calculation of risks with the 
use of respective regulatory technical methods.

Herewith, one should lay emphasis on an im-

portant direction, which is creating integrated 
sets of standards for analysis and assessment of 
risks throughout the system’s lifecycle, particu-
larly for risk assessment at the stage of UES op-
eration with the aim of solving problems related 
to security of development of smart grids and 
satisfying energy consumers’ needs with regard 
to economic ef

fi

 ciency.

Analysis showed that modern integrated sets 

of national standards should, 

fi

 rst of all, include 

standards which establish:
•  rules and regulations of technology design, 
construction and operation of facilities with de-
velopment of type-design practices and uni

fi

 ca-


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45

tion of technical solutions, synchronization of organi-
zation of construction and modernization of facilities 
with regard to supplies of complex technical products 
in plant-tested large-scale units;

•   rules and regulations of UES dispatch control;
•   rules and regulations of scheduling and conducting 

repairs of facilities based on regular monitoring and 
diagnostics of the condition of facilities, as well as 
prompt situational analysis:

   methods of testing facilities, devices and equipment, 

particularly during acceptance tests of public 
procurements;

  rules and regulations of public procurements 

meeting mandatory requirements of technical 
speci

fi

 cations of Russian consumers in respect of 

reliability, quality, energy resource saving, safety 
and environmental performance;

   rules and regulations for safety, reliability, quality, 

energy ef

fi

 ciency, resource saving and ecological 

requirements of construction and operation of 
facilities and UES, on the whole;

  automation systems of control of technological 

processes with the use of international and European 
standards.

Advanced modern and effective integrated sets of 

standards should include standards for combined electric 
power and heat production and speci

fi

 c fuel consumption 

of energy facilities.

MANAGING UES DEVELOPMENT 

BY MEANS OF INTEGRATED REGULATORY 

KNOWLEDGE BASE

The above mentioned problems and their solutions 

also concern the public utilities sector, the share of which 
amounts to about 50% of all electricity consumption. De-
spite the fact that the volumes of residential housing con-
struction in recent years have sharply increased, the tariffs 
for the population have correspondingly increased and 
will increase not only because of growing prices for oil 
and gas, but also because of irrational spending of fuel and 
energy resources and absence of a systematic approach 
to construction of industrial, residential and other social 
amenities buildings.

The main problem is that there is no single systematic 

approach to regulation in the public utilities sector. This 
explains predominance of industry-wide standards-
creating — builders create their own standards and so 
do power engineers. This is especially true for the most 

Fig. 2. Model integrated base of knowledge as well as regulatory and reference information for project management

BUSINESS PROJECTS, 

INNOVATIONS, 

COORDINATION 

OF PROJECT 

INTERCONNECTIONS 

FOR SYNCHRONIZATION 

OF TECHNOLOGICAL 

PROCESSES

RESUL

TS OF PROJECT

 MONIT

ORING 

ANAL

YSIS 

PROJECT

 MANAGEMENT

 (PDPPS, 

CALS-T

, ISO 9000, ISO 14000, ISO 5001, 

IEC 61850 

AND OTHERS)

USERS

Base of automated translation into Russian

PROJECT

 MONIT

ORING 

(schedules, analysis, 

deviations)

P

roblem-oriented multilingual 

reference dictionaries of 

standardized terms and de

fi

 nitions 

adopted in world practice 

and WTO.

TEI Classi

fi

 ers

Information on energy ef

fi

 ciency and 

energy resource saving, reliability, 

safety, quality, ecology and etc.

Statistic 

information

ENCYCLO-

PEDIAS

FL, TR, regula-

tions, rules, stand-

ards of organiza-

tions, standards in 

Russian, TS regu-
latory documents, 

EurAsEC, CIS

Regulatory 

documents (RD), 

standards in 

English (interna-

tional, regional, 

USA, EU) 

Problem-oriented 

publications in 

Russian and English 

Problem-oriented reference 

books and dictionaries in 

Russian and English 

Problem-oriented thesauruses 

based on standardized terms 

and de

fi

 nitions and based 

on encyclopedic and other 

non-standardized terms and 

de

fi

 nitions 


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DIGEST, February, 2014

46

Guidelines

work-consuming and expensive part of construction — 
the engineering one — which is created and modernized 
throughout the lifecycle of facilities. In this regard it is 
essential to ensure ef

fi

 cient synchronization of builders’ 

and power engineers’ work with consideration for 
required development of methods of scheduling, test 
and measurement processes with the use of a modern 
regulatory framework of standards, rules and practices.

There exist sets of standards the implementation of 

which will enable effective management of both projects 
and operation processes. Carrying out systematic works 
requires use of a modern set of standards for the system 
of energy ef

fi

 ciency management (ISO 50001), which, by 

means of energy policy, can determine the algorithm of 
actions with the aim of achieving the goals set.

One of the essential standards of the industry is the fun-

damental standard IEC 61850, which includes standards 
for peer-to-peer communication and client-server commu-
nication, for designs and con

fi

 gurations of substations, for 

test methods, as well as standards 
specifying ecological and design 
requirements. A distinctive fea-
ture of IEC 61850 standard is that 
it gives an opportunity to various 
manufacturers of equipment for the 
power industry to build integrated 
compatible devices. Implementa-
tion of the integrated standard IEC 
61850 makes it possible to reduce 
spending on design and installation 
of information networks.

IEC 61850 standard was used in 

developing GOST R IEC 61850-3-
2005 “Communication Networks 
and Systems in Substations”. The 
present standard can be applied 
to substation automation systems 
(S

А

S) and describes the commu-

nications between intelligent elec-
tronic devices (I

Е

D) and respective 

system requirements, establishes 
requirements to communication 
networks, in particular to their qual-
ity, as well as requirements to the 
environment, power supply sources 
and recommendations on compli-
ance of the requirements to other 
standards and speci

fi

 cations  for 

substation automation systems.

Taking into account the 

above mentioned, the systematic 
methodical approach under 
consideration based on integration 
of sets of standards can be shown 
with charts in Fig. 1—3. For 
instance, Figure 1 shows the scheme 
of an integrated system providing 

for synchronization of production processes in UES, which 
demonstrates close interconnections between builders, 
power engineers, IT-specialists by means of standards, 
regulations and rules, metrological support and a base of 
regulatory and reference information. Implementation of 
such an integration scheme is of special importance during 
modernization and development of UES and its separate 
components towards system intellectualization.

Fig. 2 shows a model of an integrated corporate base of 

knowledge as well as regulatory and reference information 
for users (power engineers, IT-specialists, builders and 
metrologists) using references, codes and standards, various 
regulations, including building codes and public health 
regulations and standards, rules, standardized terms and 
de

fi

 nitions, classi

fi

  ers of technical and economic information 

(TEI), non-standardized (new) terms and de

fi

 nitions. It is 

demonstrated for business project management that the 
interconnection between projects and their management are 
carried out by means of synchronization of technological 

BASE OF REGUALTORY 

AND REFERENCE 

INFORMATION

Federal Laws

Technical regulations

Agreements

Standards (international, 

European, national)

Regulations

Indicators

Rules

Standardized terms and 

defi nitions
Thesaurus

Programs
Schedules

Plans

Technological processes

Metrological support

Statistics

Analysis of 

implementation 

of programs, 

plans, agreements 

and schedules, 

production processes 

with regard to 

fi

 nancing at all 

stages of lifecycle 

Revealing deviations 

in production 

processes at all 

stages of lifecycle 

Self-diagnostics

Automatic self-

control of deviations

Making decisions

Automatic self-

control for 

elimination of 

non-fundamental 

deviations

Making decisions

Fig. 3. Integrated functional system of UES control and development at all stages 

of technological processes throughout UES lifecycle

Analysis of operation of 

production processes of 

the system, situations and 

deviations.

Preparation of variants 

of modernization and 

development of the 

system, facilities, 

equipment, devices at all 

stages of lifecycle

Preparation of variants of 

fundamental solutions

Agreements, programs, 

plans, schedules, 

production processes at 

all stages of lifecycle 

Making decisions

Development and 

modernization, adjustment 

of schedules and plans of 

production processes at all 

stages of lifecycle 

Making decisions 

Monitoring, supervision and 

registration of indicators, 

plans, schedules and 

agreements, accounting of 

production processes at all 

stages of lifecycle 


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processes with implementation of existing integrated sets 
of standards, including PDPPS, CALS-T, ISO 9000, ISO 
14000, ISO 50001, IEC 61850 and others, as well as analysis 
of statistics of various deviations of planned programs and 
schedules.

The conducted analysis was used for drawing a scheme 

of an integrated functional UES control and development 
system with regard to intellectualization at all stages of 
technological processes throughout the UES lifecycle 
presented in Fig. 3. In such an integrated UES develop-
ment management system an essential feature is the need 
in constant monitoring and prompt analysis of develop-
ment of international and European standardization with 
the aim of ef

fi

 cient implementation of foreign experience 

enabling reducing money and time expenditure on devel-
opment, creation and development of facilities, devices 
and other components of UES.

Another important peculiarity of such a system is 

existence of various states of intelligence levels and 
development of UES units and elements, in connection 
with which it is necessary, while planning works, to develop 
models of con

fi

 guration (architecture) of equipment 

generations, each of which will determine a mechanism 
of UES development management in space and time with 
regard to changes of equipment generations (Fig. 4).

PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF MEASURES FOR DEVELOPING 

UES INTEGRATED REGULATORY TECHNICAL 

FRAMEWORK

Analyzing the state of the problem makes it possible to 

determine the following priority directions of UES regu-
latory framework near-term develop-
ment:
• 

 activating work of Russian 

standardization committees 
and ensuring their interaction 
with technical committees of 
international and regional stan-
dardization bodies;

• 

 facilitating rates of interstate 

standards development ensuring 
compliance of products to 
requirements of technical regu-
lations;

•   harmonization of state supervision 

rules and procedures, including 
methods of assessing risk of harm 
done by dangerous products;

•   establishing  responsibility  of 

the manufacturer (supplier) as 
regards safety and reliability 
of products launched onto the 
market, certi

fi

 cation 

bodies 

and test laboratories — 
as regards accuracy of results 
and suf

fi

 ciency of the conducted 

assessment of compliance;

• 

 bringing requirements to products and related 

processes to compliance with international standards 
and achievements of science and technology in the 

fi

 eld of electric power industry;

• 

 developing standards identical to ISO/IEC/

Е

standards, with regard to assessment of readiness 
of the industry and test framework for their 
implementation;

• 

 coordinating works on forming proposals for 

actualization of lists of standards with the aim of 
complying with requirements of technical regulations;

•  increasing the level of harmonization of national 

standards with international and regional standards;

•   reducing terms for developing standards, including 

developing preliminary standards;

•   developing uniform rules and procedures con

fi

 rming 

compliance of products to requirements of technical 
regulations;

•   preemptively developing standards ensuring innovative 

development of electric power industry, including 
building smart grids;

•   actively involving business community in the process 

of development of national standards;

•   forming a single system of professional training and 

evaluating competence of experts of certi

fi

 cation 

bodies and laboratory personnel.
In conclusion, it should be noted that, in conditions of 

establishment of the Single economic space and Russian 
Federation’s joining WTO, improvement of the industry’s 
integrated regulatory framework is an ef

fi

 cient tool of 

UES further development.

Fig. 4. Change of generations of systems, scientific/technical complexes 

and facilities

Generation A

Generation 

В

Standardization, 

metrological 

support

Implementation of 

Generation A

Decommis-

sioning of 

Generation A

Dis-

posal 

of A

Research 

for A

Development for A

t, time 

Costs 

Implementation of Generation B


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Nowadays Russia is one of the world’s major producers of electric power (more than 230 GW). The unified energy system (UES) of Russia includes about 600 power stations with generation capacity of over 5 MW each.

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