Innovation Suite of IT-Systems to Control Power Supply of Olympic Venues in Sochi

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DIGEST, February, 2014


Network management

Innovation Suite of IT-Systems to 

Control Power Supply of Olympic 

Venues in Sochi

Andrey BADALOV (Андрей БАДАЛОВ), First Deputy General Director,

Dmitry GVOZDEV (Дмитрий Гвоздев), Deputy General Director, Cand. of Technical Sciences,

Boris SHVEDIN (Борис ШВЕДИН), Chief Ontologist, Cand. of Psychological Sciences, CJSC “RTEC”,

Leonid BUZAEV (Леонид БУЗАЕВ), Deputy Chief Engineer, JSC “FGC UES”




 rst-of-its-kind suite of IT-systems designed to 

control power supply in Sochi was commissioned 
in September of 2013. Information systems of the 
Power Supply Control Centre (PSCC) of Sochi 

energy region were designed according to the special order 
of JSC “FGC UES”, part of JSC “Russian Grids” Group 
of Companies. The project was implemented within the 
framework of an agreement on interaction signed between 
JSC “FGC UES” and Rostec Corporation. The direct pro-
ject contractor was CJSC “RTEC”, part of Rostec Corpo-
ration. The large-scale high-tech project was implemented 
within a short time. The period from development of tech-
nical solutions to commissioning of the system at PSCC of 
Sochi energy region was less than half a year.

The main task of PSCC is monitoring and analyzing 

the general and operational situations at power facilities 
involved in external power supply of Olympic venues and 
infrastructure facilities in Sochi, as well as organization 
of interaction and coordination of efforts of all entities. 
PSCC is to ensure ef


 ciency and justi


 cation of the taken 

decisions through introduction of innovative technologies, 
analysis and visualization of information that is critical for 
situational control of operation both in normal operating 
and emergency modes.

PSCC implements a suite of three integrated basic in-

formation systems, which includes the Decision Support 
System (DSS), the main and redundant SCADA Systems.

The main tasks of PSCC suite of information systems 

are the following:
•   monitoring of general and operational situations. Reg-

ular preparation and reporting of monitoring results in 
accordance with provisions of the Regulation on the 
control of power supply of Olympic venues and prin-
ciples of interaction between organizations supplying 
power to Olympic venues during preparation for and 
holding XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralym-
pic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi;

•   real-time situational analysis and assessment for facili-

ties supplying power to Olympic venues in Sochi re-

•  coordination of actions of organizations operating 

Olympic venues in case of accidents and emergency 
situations in external power supply networks of these 

•   interaction with regional and federal authorities, struc-

tural subdivisions of EMERCOM of Russia, personnel 
of grid companies and companies providing back-up 
power supply of Olympic venues.
The PSCC decision support system is designed for con-

stant comprehensive and real-time situational monitoring 
and, ultimately, for increasing ef


 ciency and justi



of decisions. DSS is designed for creating conditions for 
individual and joint work of operating personnel of sub-


 eld crews and PSCC personnel both in normal 

operating mode and in emergency situations.

PSCC DSS is based on QuaSy-DSS platform; its meth-

odological basis is formed by innovative smart technolo-
gies, including methods of ontological modelling, the 
concept of systemic situational analysis of activity, expe-
rientology as the direction providing for structuring, or-
ganizing, accumulating and translating of experience, as 
well as the language of structured messages. This was the 
actual foundation for automation of processes of collec-
tion, processing, statistical analysis and visual display of 
information about current activities of organizations sup-
plying power to Olympic venues, including maintaining 
electronic operating documentation by PSCC personnel.

PSCC DSS provides for ful


 llment of the following 

•   receiving, storing, displaying and preliminary analy-

sis of regular data 


 ows in-coming as structured mes-

sages (basic real-time information) from workplaces 
of PSCC on-duty operating personnel generated on the 
basis of the power engineer’s language of structured 

•   receiving, conversion, analysis of regular 


 ows  of 

well-structured messages, their classi


 cation  and 

submission of operational situation reports to various 
levels of decision-taking in order to create a coherent 
view of the objectively existing situation;

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CJSC "Russian Telecom Equipment Company” (RTEC)

 is the Russian 

private-public company established in 2007 by a resolution of the Government of 
the Russian Federation as a joint enterprise of Rostec State Corporation and a group 
of high-tech IT-companies with the aim of designing and manufacturing in Russia of 
trusted telecommunication equipment and communications systems. RTEC is a part 
of JSC “Ruselectronics” Holding.

JSC “Ruselectronics”

 is a group of enterprises specializing in designing and 

manufacturing of electronic equipment, electronic components, electronic materials 
and equipment for their manufacture, as well as microwave and semiconductor 
devices. The holding company was founded at the beginning of 2009 on the basis of 
the same-name state holding operating since 1997.

•   maintaining and actualizing of the database of pow-

er facilities (substations and transmission lines) in 
accordance with the coordinated information pro-


 le of equipment with the respective list of attribu-


•   maintaining a database of subjects of activity on the 

basis of a task-oriented classi


 er of subjects of activ-

ity in order to facilitate decision-taking and organizing 
activities of DSS users;

•   maintaining, storing, developing and direct practical 

use of databases of terms, syntactic rules, typical word 
combinations and autosyntax rules for maintaining 
PSCC operations logs;

•   visualization and structured description of electric cir-

cuit diagrams of substations and transmission lines;

•   design, development and visualization of models of 

organization of the enterprise’s activities and decision-
taking with possibility of their further conversion into 
database objects;

•   organization of PSCC personnel’s activities through 

automation of the PSCC operations log maintenance 

•   displaying of geoinformation data through interaction 

with the regional GIS-node installed in PSCC;

•   maintaining a database for emergency backup equip-

ment in Sochi region;

•   monitoring of movements of emergency and repair 

crews with the use of mobile systems and real-time 
map display;

•   monitoring of operating vehicles with the use of mo-

bile systems and real-time map display;

•   integration of all three systems, exchange of informa-

tion related to emergency situations and unplanned 
outages irrespective of its nature.
The DSS system includes 12 subsystems (modules).

1.  QuaSy DSS: Message server — Message server sub-


2.  QuaSy DSS: Monitoring — Situational monitoring 


3.  QuaSy DSS: Objects — Subsystem of registering and 

maintaining of electric power facilities (objects of ac-

4.  QuaSy DSS: Subjects — Subsystem of registering and 

maintaining of entities (subjects of activity).

5.  QuaSy DSS: PLSM — Subsystem of support of the 

power engineer’s language of structured messages.

6.  QuaSy DSS: ConFrame-Electric — Subsystem of 

development, visualization and actualization of elec-
tric circuit diagrams related to the database of electric 
power facilities.

7.  QuaSy DSS: ConFrame-BI - Subsystem of develop-

ment, visualization of models of the enterprise’s activ-
ity organization by tasks.

8.  QuaSy DSS: NCS OL — Subsystem of maintaining 

operations logs of the network control center:

•   QuaSy DSS: OL — NCS (for PSCC);
•   QuaSy DSS: OL — NCS (for MSAC — mobile situ-

ational analysis center);

•   QuaSy DSS: OL — NCS (for ODS — operating and 

dispatching services);

•   QuaSy DSS: OL — NCS (for DN — distribution net-


•   QuaSy DSS: OL — NCS (for MPC — main power 


9.  QuaSy DSS: SS OL — Subsystem of maintaining sub-

station operations logs.

10. QuaSy DSS: FC OL — Subsystem of maintaining op-

erations logs of 


 eld crews.

11. QuaSy DSS: PMIT (power engineer’s mobile individ-

ual terminal) — Subsystem of organizing data commu-
nication (structured messages) by means of personal 
communication devices of substation operating per-

12. QuaSy DSS: PSIT (power engineer’s stationary indi-

vidual terminal) — Subsystem of organizing data com-
munication (structured messages) by means of station-
ary automated workstations of the operating personnel.


Designed for collecting, storing, displaying and pre-

liminary analysis of regular data 


 ows in-coming as struc-

tured messages (basic real-time information) from mobile 
and stationary automated workplaces of operating and 
dispatch personnel generated on the basis of the power 
engineer’s language of structured messages.



 ow of structured messages is organized on the 

basis of the power engineer’s language of structured mes-
sages (PLSM), which is a speci


 c instance of the Lan-

guage for Organizing Com-
mon Activity LOCA. It should 
be emphasized that an integral 
part of PLSM is strict use of 
dispatchers’ names of facili-
ties and equipment, which are 
correspondingly stored in the 
integrated database. Struc-
tured messages are generated 
by operation, maintenance 
and administrative person-
nel by means of operations 
logs (OL). They can also use 

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DIGEST, February, 2014


Network management

Fig. 1. Multi-window interface for monitoring PCSS messages

Fig. 2. Iconographic matrix of management notification

power engineer’s stationary individual terminal (PSIT) 
and power engineer’s mobile individual terminal (PMIT), 
the operating personnel of substations, network control 
centres, operating dispatch groups and 


 eld crews are 

equipped with. OL, PSIT and PMIT are organized into a 
network structure which can be controlled by transform-
ing it, when required, into a hierarchically organized sys-
tem of sources of 


 ow structured information.

The situational monitoring subsystem provides collect-

ing, converting, analyzing and visualizing of regular 



of well-structured messages in-coming from the message 
server subsystem, their classi


 cation and submitting op-

erational situation reports to various levels of decision-
taking in order to have a full view of the objectively exist-
ing situation. Examples of graphic interfaces are shown in 
Fig. 1—2.

The subsystem of registering and maintenance of 

power facilities (objects of activity) is designed for main-
taining and actualizing of the database of power facilities 
(substations and transmission lines) in accordance with 
the coordinated information pro


 le of equipment with the 

respective list of attributes.

The subsystem of registering and maintaining subjects 

of activity is designed for maintaining a database of sub-

jects of activity on the basis of a task-oriented classi


 er of 

subjects of activity. Used for decision-taking and organ-
izing activities of DSS users.

The subsystem of maintaining the power engineer’s 

language of structured messages (PLSM) is designed for 
maintaining, storing, developing and direct practical use 
of databases of terms, syntactic rules, typical word com-
binations and autosyntax rules during automation of pro-
cesses of organization and communication of messages 
from communication devices and stationary automated 
workstations of the operating personnel, as well as for 
maintaining operations logs of substations, 


 eld  crews 

and the joint operations log of the Substations Group Con-
trol Centre.


The tool for visualization and actualization of electric 

circuit diagrams related to the database of electric power 

It is a graphic modeling tool for designing electric cir-

cuit diagrams of electric energy systems. Provides visu-
alization and structured description of single-line elec-
tric circuit diagrams of substations. Enables creating and 
maintaining databases of electric circuit diagrams, dis-

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Fig. 3. Electric circuit diagram of “Kudepsta” Substation 110 kV

tribution devices, connections, elements of their compo-
nents, including description of required attributes, as well 
as correlating electric circuit diagrams and their elements 
with corresponding objects of databases displaying their 
structured description. A Web-oriented tool making it pos-
sible both to conduct its integration into any Web-appli-
cation and use it as a separate stand-alone application. An 
example of the interface is shown in Fig. 3.


A graphic modeling tool for designing, developing and 

visualization of models of organization of the enterprise’s 
activity and decision-taking by decision-makers, with a 
possibility of their further conversion into objects of data-
bases. Includes tools for creating classi


 ers, taxonomies, 

mereotopologic task trees and describing activity organi-
zation models. Implemented for visualization and struc-
tured description of models of enterprises’ activity and 
decision-taking by means of ConFrame tools. Enables de-
veloping classi


 ers, taxonomies for subjects (entities) and 

objects of business activity, building mereotopologic task 
trees, structuring business activity relations, correlating 
them with corresponding databases. Provides a possibil-
ity of creating and visualizing models of organization of 
the enterprise’s activity by tasks, designing and describing 
well-structured models of infrastructure space and timing. 
A Web-oriented tool making it possible both to conduct its 
integration into any Web-application and use it as a sepa-
rate stand-alone application.


A subsystem of maintaining operations logs of the net-

work control centre. The principle of using OL is described 
in detail in the joint work by A. Badalov, D. Gvozdev, 
V. Pelymsky, B. Shvedin.

PMIT enables arranging data communication (struc-

tured messages) by means of communication devices (tab-
lets) of the operating personnel of substations. Provides 
a possibility of generating and communicating messages 
with the use of information pro


 les of equipment of cer-

tain substations or transmission lines.

Messages are generated in the dialogue mode with the 

use of autosyntax in accordance with the speci


 ed algo-


The substation operating personnel was offered a dia-

logue-based model of situational analysis (DMSA), which 
made it possible to signi


 cantly reduce personnel’s mis-

takes in stress conditions. An example of the interface is 
shown in Fig. 4. 



DSS makes it possible to work with geoinformation 

data. Data of external GIS-systems can be imported into 
DSS GIS-system. All data are consolidated and by means 
of integration services are sent to adjacent SCADA-sys-
tems. In addition, integration services enable real-time 
displaying of data, reports, diagrams from DSS of the 
Joint Situational Analysis Centre on a geographic map.

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DIGEST, February, 2014


Network management

Fig. 5. Fragment of PCSS basic interface map. Tracking operating vehicles

Also, the GIS-subsystem receives information about 

the location of operating vehicles and crews. DSS in-
terface enables easily navigating the map with all avail-
able objects to be supervised within the framework of the 
PSCC IS project. A fragment of basic DSS interface with 
the GIS-underlay is shown in Fig. 5.

During implementation of the project they used the 

logic of displaying monitoring areas according to their 


 cance for the power supply of the region. In order to 

provide full visualization of monitoring areas and depend-

Fig. 4. Dialogue-based model of situational analysis (DMSA) for on-duty 

personnel of “Laura” Substation 110 kV. Selection of emergency type

ing on the level of signi


 cance each of the areas is high-

lighted on the map with a certain color (the traf


 c lights 

rule). Green color means ‘less signi


 cant’, yellow — ‘sig-



 cant’ and red — ‘most signi


 cant’ (Fig. 6).

The main SCADA provides monitoring and displaying 

diagrams and operation pattern of Sochi energy region of 
Kuban energy system as well as condition of the equip-
ment (main SCADA-1). For the 


 rst time in the Russian 

electric power industry they commissioned the SCADA-
EMS e-terraplatform system by Alstom.

It should be emphasized that 

SCADA-EMS, built on the basis of 
the equipment database following IEC 
(CIM) standards, was integrated for the 


 rst time in the Russian electric power 

industry, too.



 ow of the manipulated telem-

etry is strictly attached to the equipment 
database and supported by it.

Special attention should be paid to 

the e-terravision technology (SA - situ-
ational awareness). It is the 



integration of the given solution, which 
is innovative for the world practice, in 

The redundant SCADA Syndis was 

supplied by “Mikronika” Company. 
The virtual concentrator (central receiv-
er-transmitter station), an innovative 
tool enabling programmatically organ-

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Fig. 7. PCSS on-duty engineer’s OL Interface. Integration of DSS, SCADA Alstom and SCADA Syndis

Fig. 6. Interface for monitoring areas

izing the telemetry 


 ow, was used for the 


 rst time. Also, 

integration of the redundant SCADA and DSS was carried 
out. The redundant system provides monitoring and dis-
playing diagrams and operation pattern of Sochi energy 
region of Kuban energy system as well as condition of the 

For the 


 rst time the PCSS project implemented the 

technology of semantic integration between SCADA-
EMS e-terraplatform and QuaSy DSS by using the 
QuaSy ConFrame-Electric Federator tool. The seman-
tic integration was carried out with the use of the se-
mantic ID generator for all equipment, as well as for 
the full telemetry 


 ow. Thus, each telesignal and telem-

etering had not only its address, but also its semantic 

For the purpose of integration with SCADA Syndis 

only internal IDs of the system itself were used. In case of 
manual control of switching equipment the respective sig-
nals were sent from DSS to the main and redundant SCA-
DA systems, like from a single source. On the other side, 
telesignals generated in the main and redundant SCADA 
systems were received by DSS for analysis.

Fig. 7 shows the PCSS on-duty engineer’s working 

interface, which clearly demonstrates the way teleinfor-
mation is received from SCADA Alstom and SCADA 

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The first-of-its-kind suite of IT-systems designed to control power supply in Sochi was commissioned in September of 2013. Information systems of the Power Supply Control Centre (PSCC) of Sochi energy region were designed according to the special order of JSC “FGC UES”, part of JSC “Russian Grids” Group of Companies.


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