Directions for development of intelligent network in Russia

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The MAIN JOURNAL for POWER GRID SPECIALISTS in RUSSIA

2014


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DIGEST, February, 2014

16

Smart Grid

S

mart Grid technology widely acknowledged in 
the world has become an integral part of the 
electrical networks of many utilities from all 
continents. Certainly, intellectualization of 

networks will mark a new stage in the development 
of energy sector and will provide a response to the 

new challenges of socioeconomic development of 
countries. However, focus issues for different countries 
varies greatly and depends on many factors. This 
is the lack of cheap energy, the growing attention to 
environmental aspects of network operation, the task 
of transferring large capacities at signi

fi

 cant distances 

Directions for development of 

intelligent network in Russia

Vladimir SOFIIN (Владимир СОФЬИН),

 JSC Rosseti Неаd of the Department

 of technological development and innovation


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www.eepr.ru

17

with minimal losses, increased energy ef

fi

 ciency  and 

reliability.

To date, the most perspective directions of development 

of the Smart Grid technology are the following:
•  smart metering systems for power billing; 
•  management and integration of RES in the network 

based on technology of virtual power plant; 

• DMS/OMS 

systems;

•  f lexible transmission lines.

In electric networks operated by JSC Rosseti Smart 

Grid technology is designed to provide given parameters 
on reliability and quality. This is an opportunity for 
networks to automatically engage in a single information 
space for data exchange and mode control in which all 
the players of today energy market: generation systems, 
consumers, marketing companies and adjacent power 
systems are present.

The idea of Smart Grid integration, 

fi

 rst and foremost, 

is based on the principles of economic feasibility and 
ef

fi

 ciency of decision making. This should be a golden 

mean between functionality, reliability and price.

Smart Grid technology development drivers in Russia 

Today Russia is not experiencing an acute shortage 

of energy resources as well as objective problems with 
CO2 emissions. Drivers for Smart Grid development in 
Russia differ from drivers of other countries. First of all, 
the following important tasks are set for JSC Rosseti:
•  reduction of losses including transmission of electricity 

over long distances; 

•  improving reliability of electricity supply to consumers; 
•  increasing observability and intellectualization of 

the network in order to 
increase ef

fi

 ciency in the 

use of grid assets; 

•  enhancement of automa-

tion level.
For development of the 

power grid of Russia is 
insuf

fi

 cient to copy foreign 

technologies and models 
of Smart grids. Today it is 
necessary to choose, adapt 
and develop the solutions 
that will bring the desired 
effect while maintaining 
and further enhancing the 
performance of reliability, 
quality and ef

fi

 ciency  of 

electrical networks.

The term «smart grid» 

represents a qualitatively 
new state of networks which 
allows to:
• change parameters and 

network topology in real 
time according to current 

regulatory conditions, excluding the emergence and 
development of accidents;

•  integrate into the network all types of energy generation, 

including small scale generation and all types of users 
from households to large industry;

•  ensure better market opportunities for the infrastructure 

by mutual provision of a wide range of services by 
market entities and infrastructure; 

•  minimize losses, improve system self-diagnosis and 

self-restoring, provided that the conditions of the 
reliability and quality of electric power are maintained;

•  integrate grid and information infrastructure to create 

an all-mode control system with full-scale information 
support.
The 

fi

 rst priority in the development of smart grid in 

the bulk power system is increasing observability, creating 
automated systems and control centers for operating 
modes and topology control, post-disturbance element 
self-restoring, optimal loading of the network taking into 
account the reserves of power and demand, as well as the 
rapid integration of consumers and generation into the 
network. In power distribution system is more important 
to create an intelligent infrastructure for end users with 
power management, localization and self-restoring of 
damaged elements of the network. An important criterion 
for the next generation system operation is ensuring 
cybersecurity.

Within the development of the Russian Federation 

integrated power grid concept a uni

fi

 ed  Rosseti 

technology policy and innovation policy were adopted. 
These documents will help realization of the Smart 
Grid technology through implementation of innovative 

220 kV GIS substation Dagomys

220 kV GIS substation Dagomys


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DIGEST, February, 2014

18

Smart Grid

products and advanced technical solutions of domestic 
and foreign manufacturers.

Key technologies

One of the de

fi

 ning challenges to be addressed for 

integrating Smart Grid technology is cybersecurity of 
power networks. 

In order to reduce the risk of cyber-attacks on the power 

grid control system a vertically integrated comprehensive 
system of information security is created and successfully 
operates.

In addition JSC Rosseti participates in the establishment 

of a State system for detection, prevention and elimination 
of computer attacks consequences on information 
resources of the Russian Federation.

In particular in the North Caucasus Federal District and 

in the Sochi power district JSC Rosseti jointly with SC 
Rustech develop a comprehensive automated system for 
security management. This system could be the basis for 
building a security system for the entire integrated power 
grid of the country, as well as other systems of critical 
infrastructure.

Digital technology testing (digital relay protection 

devices and Emergency Control Automatics, automated 
billing and power quality control systems), i.e. Smart 
Grid, is carried out at JSC Rosseti “Digital substation” 
site. A fully digital 220 kV substation “Nadezhda” 
(Yekaterinburg) is planned to be put into operation in 
2015.

Another important project launched by Group of 

companies Rosseti is installation of series compensation 
devices (SCD) which increases OL capacity. A pilot 
site for the project was 500 kV OL Primorskaya 
GRES — Chuguevka 2 and Primorskaya GRES — 
Dalnevostochnaya (East). After installation of the device 

OL capacity will increase from 70 MW to 280 MW 
(depending on the technologies applied).

Another interesting technology is phase-shifting. 

Control of power in the transmission lines may be carried 
out by changing voltage phase angle at the ends of lines. 
The application of such device is planned for 220 kV OL 
Barabinskaya — Tatarskaya — Voskhod (the device will 
be installed at SS 500 kV Voskhod), which would increase 
the line capacity from 23.2% in 2020, up to 32% in 2025.

Special attention is given to technologies to increase 

the 

fl

 exibility and reliability of the network. To date, a 

number of projects, including R&D has been realized:  
•  static VAR compensators are installed at  SS 500 kV 

Novoanzherskaya, SS 500 kV Zarya, SS 220 kV 
A

fi

 pskaya, Krymskaya, Slavyanskaya. They provide 

increased power quality and system stability, improve-
ment of capacity to 20—30% (Siberia, South);

•  static compensators: installed at SS 400 kV Vyborg-

skaya. Compensators provide capacity increase to 
20 MW in repair mode of synchronous compensators, 
40 MW at emergency tripping/repair of 330—400 kV 
OL (Northwest);

•  controlled shunt reactors are installed at SS 500 kV: 

Tavricheskaya, Barabinskaya, Irtysh, Nelym and 
many other substations to provide voltage stability, 
VAR 

fl

 ow optimization, enhanced power transmission 

capacity (Urals, Siberia);

•  asynchronized compensator  at SS 500 kV Beskud-

nikovo. It provides power capacity improvement to 
20—40 MW. Reduction of power losses by 8% of total 
value (Moscow). 
Distribution networks include the following projects: 

creation of infrastructure for use of electric transport in 
the city of Moscow, recloser implementation, develop-
ment of smart power billing systems in many cities of 

Russia (installed about 
1.2 million meters of to-
day), implementation of 
OMS/DMS system, crea-
ting a Smart grid compre-
hensive project in the IC 
Skolkovo (Moscow re-
gion).

In addition, the Rosseti 

Group of companies 
is implementing a 
comprehensive project 
Smart City. In this case 
synergy effect is possible 
only in the case of interaction 
with related industries, 
enterprises of housing and 
communal services, State 
and municipal government 
agencies, as well as with 
the direct participation of 
energy consumers.

SS 220 kV Aeroport

SS 220 kV Aeroport


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SS 110 kV Laura

SS 110 kV Laura

Development of science 

and technology

Rossetti conducts 

network intellectualiza-
tion in close cooperation 
with Russian scientists, 
designers and manufac-
turers of equipment. In 
the past year the inno-
vation process involved 
groups of more than 30 
organizations: academic 
and industrial research 
institutes, design, pro-
duction and research or-
ganizations and higher 
education institutions.

Currently the 

following innovative 
projects are under 
implementation:
• direct 

current 

link at SS 220 kV 
Mogocha to provide 
communication between asynchronous IPS of East and 
Siberia;

•  220 kV current limiting device on the base of 

special reactor and explosive switches at SS 500 kV 
Kaskadnaya;

•  development of resistivity bridge harmonic 

fi

 lter 

prototype for HVDC SS 400 kV Vyborgskaya;

•  creation of digital substation test site and elaboration 

of new innovative technologies before integration into 
existing power facilities, including the identi

fi

 cation 

of key technical decisions and requirements the today 
substations should meet; 

•  creation of infrastructure for electric transport in 

Moscow and Moscow region; 

•  innovation cluster «Elgaugol» — 220 kV substations 

group control center to optimize current modes of 
transit. Project is scheduled for completion in 2015.
Rossetti actively cooperates with leading foreign 

companies in the following 

fi

 elds:

•  research in the EU power systems and the development 

of techniques to improve overhead lines capacity in 
backbone networks;

•  development of technical proposals for the application 

of compound insulators at 110—500 kV substation 
and overhead lines; 

•  creation of a monitoring system for hot-spot control 

of 110—220 kV overhead lines technical condition on 
the basis of temperature transducers;

•  creation of intellectual property management system; 
•  within the framework of the project for construction of 

the federal testing center in Russia;

•  within the framework of the project for construction of 

testing ground and creation of a prototype for digital 

substation hardware-software complex, solutions of 
various foreign companies are implemented. 

Social 

and environmental aspects

State policies aimed at curbing the steep rise in 

tariffs make companies looking for internal reserves in 
terms of ef

fi

 ciency gains. This situation is also a signal 

to suppliers of equipment and technologies for power 
industry to control prices for electrical products and 
equipment.

Achieving this task is possible only through a 

transition to a new technology pattern of electric 
power industry based on an innovative approach, the 
application of highly ef

fi

 cient equipment and effective 

business processes. Widespread introduction of energy 
management in companies with high proportion of energy 
costs is under way (primarily metallurgical and oil and 
gas sector), it allowed to reduce electricity consumption 
cost by 10%.

Creating intelligent network is impossible without 

development and taking into account requirements for 
the development of green energy, environmental safety 
and energy ef

fi

 ciency improvements in protection of the 

environment and conserving natural resources. Smart 
grid should be a decline in the share of expenditures of 
natural resources by 5% annually.

Main effects Rosseti expect from introduction of 

the newest technologies in networks are enhancing the 
quality of life of consumers, optimizing energy resources 
and ensuring the international integration of the uni

fi

 ed 

power system of Russia into power systems of other 
countries.


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Smart Grid technology widely acknowledged in the world has become an integral part of the electrical networks of many utilities from all continents. Certainly, intellectualization of networks will mark a new stage in the development of energy sector and will provide a response to the new challenges of socioeconomic development of countries.

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